Already know your stuff and just want a quality Resin at a good price? Here’s a popular one.
Otherwise…. Read on!
Water Softener Resin is the most important component of a Water Softener System. The Calcium and Magnesium in hard water both carry positive charges. The resin carries a negative charge. This means that the Calcium and Magnesium minerals in the hard water will cling to the resin beads as it passes through the tank.
You are probably reducing the effectiveness and efficiencies of your System – not to mention wasting money – if you are not following these important tips:
You need to know how hard the water coming into your System is, as this will determine the amount of beads that you should be using so that they are not easily damaged. Having too few beads for very hard water will no doubt impact the strength of the beads.
2 – Choose the Right Type of Resin
There are many types and brands of Resin at significantly different price ranges. The two main types are 8% Crosslinked Cation Resin and Mesh Cation Exchange Resin.
The majority of Water Softeners use the standard 8% Cation Resin, which has been pre-charged with Sodium. This Resin will generally last approximately 10 years (depending on initial water hardness) and is suited to water with lower Iron levels.
Fine Mesh Resin is noticeably smaller in size and therefore increases density within the tank. It is suited for water with higher levels of Iron.
These types of Resins do not vary in price compared to each other. It is generally the brand of Resin that will determine the price. But don’t be fooled into thinking that the more expensive brands will perform better.
3 – Amount of Resin
This is simple, but important. Putting the right amount of pellets into the System is imperative in ensuring that it works effectively. There is no ‘rule of thumb’ in relation to the amount you should use, as it will depend on the Water Softener System that you use.
In this instance, all I can say is READ THE WATER SOFTENER OWNER’S MANUAL together with the guideleines on the Resin packet.
4 – Adding Pellets
The process of adding Pellets to your Softener System is again something that will differ from System to System.
Does your system require you to add pellets manually or is it fully/semi automatic?
Many exchange tanks are filled completely, whereas aoutomatic systems require a provision to expand during back wash and therefore should not be filled to the brim.
5 – Changing Salts
Changing salts in your Water Softener System will help maintain effectiveness of the overall System. Changing from one salt to another though should probably be avoided as it will affect the water differently.
6 – Mushing
Mushing of Water Softener Pellets occurs when the Pellets break down into small crystals of evaporated salt over time and become sludge. At this stage your softener is no longer effective as the brine (which refreshes the pellets) is unable to continue producing soft water due to the thick build up of sludge in the brine tank.
7 – Clogging in Pipes
Water Softener Resin pellets contain a portion of non-dissolvable ingredients. The result of this is that the excess can build up and clog pipes over time. A clear sign of this will be reduced water pressure. Ideally you want to avoid getting to the ‘clogging’ stage by performing regular maintenance and cleaning of your System
8 – Fouling
This occurs where the Water Softener Resin Beads consume too much mineral content over time (which is inevitable). One option is to insert a filter to assist with the reduction of some minerals in the water
9 – Regular Check Ups
All in all, monitoring the level, quality and look of your Water Softener Resin will ensure that your System remains working in a manner that you expect it to. Softener Resin generally has a very long lifespan; however, there is no guaranteed timeframe for how long your Resin will last. Its longevity is determined by countless variables. If the Resin looks contaiminated with particles or if you begin to feel that your water is not as soft as it should be, it may be time to change the Resin. Hopefully it doesn’t get to this stage.